Lviv (Lvov, Lwow) – one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, in which past and modern epoch are very skilfully knitted. The city of Lviv as the pearl of Europe and the capital of Halychyna have successfully remained intact throughout seven ages, preserving its historical atmosphere and old architecture. Lviv – the city of old cathedrals and churches, historical monuments and modern buildings. Central narrow streets and monumental churches create an atmosphere of time being at standstill.
Life of the historical central part of Lviv goes slowly, preserving public tranquility. You will not find noisy crowds or clatter of autos there. Taking a walk along the central part of the old city all day you will find many interesting and fascinating sights. If you ever have been in Lviv, you will come here again and again, drawn by memories of the romantic atmosphere of that historical place.
Lviv – the city of rapid economic development, represented by numerous companies’ offices and modern hypermarkets, widespread well-developed banking infrastructure, and services sector. Your stay in Lviv as a businessman gives you a new opportunity for making new business contacts with new people and companies, organizing business meetings, sharing your vision and plans with potential clients.
Lviv is also famous for its well-developed recreation infrastructure, represented by recreational areas and services like dance clubs, casinos, kino-palaces, solariums, fitness clubs, an aquapark, pubs in the central parts of the city and its suburbs.
Today Lviv is one of the most important cultural centers in Ukraine. The city is known as the center of art, literature, music, and theater. Currently, indisputable evidence of the cultural wealth of the city is a large number of theaters, concert halls, creative unions, as well as a large number of many events (more than 100 festivals annually). In Lviv, there are 60 museums and 10 theaters.
In Lviv, there are more than 40 museums. Among them: Lviv Historical Museum, the second largest historical museum of Ukraine; The National Museum, founded by Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky, Lviv Art Gallery, one of the richest museums in Ukraine, headed by famous art historian Boris Voznytsky; The Ethnographic Museum, the only such type in Ukraine, the National Memorial Prison on Lontsky, the first prison museum in Ukraine. Popular among tourists are also the Museum of Folk Architecture and Life “Shevchenkovsky Guy”, the Pharmacy Museum, the Arsenal Museum of Weapons, the Potocki Palace and others.
Music, theater and cinema
In 1795, the first professional theater in Ukraine was opened in Lviv. In 1842, the Skarbek Theater was opened, then the third largest in Europe; in 1900, the Lviv opera appeared – one of the most beautiful theaters in the country, depicted on a twenty-dollar bill. There are 7 professional theaters in the city: opera and ballet, drama named after Maria Zankovetska, drama named after Les Kurbas, drama named after Lesia Ukrainka, Resurrection, And People, and Dolls, for children and youth, and puppet, 6 theaters studios, and circus. The city is a significant center of theatrical life – every year there are two theater festivals: the Golden Lion, the country’s largest theatre festival, and the Ladder, a festival of young amateur theatre. Every year, in October, a theatrical carnival takes place in the city. For big holidays, street performances on stilts and fire shows take place.
There are 7 cinemas in Lviv: Planet Kino, Kinopalats, Copernik, Dovzhenko, Lviv, Kyiv, and Sokol. The first belongs to the Planet Kino IMAX network, the next three belong to the Kinopalats network, and the last three are state property and are in a deplorable state due to lack of funding. For the same reasons, since the 1990s, many cinemas have been eliminated. Also in the city operates the first in Ukraine car cinema “Kinopark”. At the same time, Lviv often becomes a film set: the city “plays the role” of European capitals, where the cost of shooting is much more expensive.
The main centers of musical life in the city are the Opera and Ballet Theater, the Philharmonic and the House of Organ Music, where Ukraine’s largest organ is located.
The architecture of Lviv, which was little affected during the wars of the 20th century, reflects many European styles and trends corresponding to different historical eras. After the fires of 1527 and 1556, there are almost no traces of Gothic Lviv, but then the following periods of the Renaissance, Baroque, Classicism are well represented. Characteristic of Lviv was the style of Austrian modernism – secession, there are houses built in the style of Ukrainian and Berlin modernity, as well as art deco, constructivism, and Bauhaus. There are also buildings from the period of Stalinist neoclassicism.
The historic center of Lviv is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. A significant part of architectural monuments dating from the 14th – 17th centuries have been preserved in it. In the central part of the year 2000, there were 960 (95% of which are residential), of which 625 were in poor condition.
Sport in Lviv has a long history: the city hosted the first football (1894), ice hockey (1905) and ice polo (1914) matches on the territory of modern Ukraine. On September 4, 1931, the first FITA Congress, the International Archery Federation, was held in Lviv. In August-September of the same year, Lviv accepted the first world and European archery championships.
The “Pogon” Lviv football team won the Polish Football Championship 4 times, the Polish national team played some games in the city of Lviv, and players from Lviv clubs regularly played for the national team.
In 1946, the Lviv Institute of Physical Education was opened. Until now, this institution is leading in training athletes of Lviv region.
One of the most famous athletes of the USSR in the 1950s was Viktor Chukarin, a graduate and teacher of Physical Training University, a participant in the 1952 and 1956 Olympic Games, a 7-time Olympic champion.
In 1969, Karpaty became the only low-league football club that won the USSR Cup. In the Premier League football season 2008/09, the city was represented by two clubs at once – Karpaty and Lviv.
Stadium “Arena Lviv”.
Women’s handball club “Galichanka” since the 2001/02 season is in the top three of the Higher League Championship of Ukraine. In the top leagues of the national championships, Lviv is also represented by the basketball club “Polytechnic-Galichina”, the mini-football clubs “Time”, TVD, “Energy”, “Cardinal”, the Dynamo club and the volleyball club “Lviv”.