SYSTEM OF EDUCATION
The system of education provides good quality and is well developed. One of the most important tasks for central and local authorities is to give equal possibilities in getting a top quality education for all citizens of Ukraine.
7% of Ukrainian professionals who teach 11 million students (22% of the population) are involved in the area of education and upbringing.
There are 18400 institutions for pre-school preparation. According to the Constitution secondary school takes the central part in the system and is free and quite accessible. 7 mln. students attend 21900 schools. The private sector in secondary education is insignificant. Totally, there are 200 private schools (1% of all the amount of students).
The transition of secondary school from 10 (11) to 12 level system, according to European standards, is taking place now. Moreover, there is no difference in the content of Ukrainian (post-soviet) secondary education from standards of the secondary school of other European countries.
You can take vocational education in 1003 technical institutions on the base of lower secondary education and upper secondary education. In the Ukrainian system of Education College of Further Education refers to the lower part of higher education.
Higher education is the level of education acquired by a person in a higher education institution as a result of a consistent, systematic and purposeful process of mastering the content of training, which is based on a complete general secondary education and ends with obtaining a certain qualification based on the results of state certification.
Higher education is carried out on the basis of a complete general secondary education. In higher education institutions that train junior specialists, persons with basic general education can be accepted.
Higher education institutions are technical school (college), college, institute, conservatory, academy, university, and others.
There are four levels of accreditation for higher education institutions:
- The first level is a technical school, college, other institutions of higher education equivalent to them;
- The second level – college, other institutions of higher education equal to it;
- The third and fourth levels (depending on the consequences of accreditation) – conservatory, academy, institute, university.
- initial level (short cycle) of higher education;
- first (bachelor) level;
- second (master) level;
- the third (educational, scientific/educational, creative) level;
Educational qualification levels:
- junior bachelor;
International students get their higher education in universities, academies and institutes that are not only accredited but also have a special license to teach foreign students. All the universities from this Guide possess the license. The Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine controls the quality of educational services done to foreign students.
International students start studying with a foundation year.
It includes a course of Ukrainian (Russian) language and some of the comprehensive subjects according to the future profession. Further education is continuing together with Ukrainian students. ( English medium is also available, however)
Educational process organization
The main task of the University is to create the most propitious conditions for students’ education, learning of different subjects, gaining skills and attainments for mastering the specialties they have chosen.
School year at the University starts on the 1st of September and consists of two semesters.
The CREDIT-MODULAR SYSTEM of educational process organization and rating system of estimation are introduced at the University.
This system is based on students’ individual unassisted creative work.
Educational process forms:
- classes (academic studies)
- individual work
- practical training
- examinations, tests, etc.
The main types of classes – lectures, practical class, seminars, laboratory and individual classes and consultations.
Attending classes is obligatory for each student.
Class missed without a reasonable excuse must be worked off. Working off of the classes on clinical and medical-biological disciplines that were missed without a reasonable excuse is carried out on a paid base. RATING SYSTEM FOR KNOWLEDGE ASSESSMENT– is a stimulating factor in systematic student’s work for receiving durable knowledge. It takes into account all types of student’s work, the level of different subjects learning, the quality of studying during the semester by the factors(criteria):
- classes attendance;
- activity at studies;
- individual work;
- civil communication with teachers and other workers of the University;
- diligence and hard-working;
- general erudition.